what is mina

What is Mina (MINA)? How Does Mina Work?

What is Mina?

Mina is one of the most popular blockchain networks that is dedicated to providing better efficiency along with decentralization and security.

Scalability is one of the major issues with most Proof-of-Work blockchain networks. A PoW network can only process a new transaction once the entire data history is verified by each node. Although this might sound quite efficient, the transaction time drastically increases when the network grows, which ultimately leads to higher transaction fees.

Furthermore, the node operators need to install high-quality equipment to process the transactions efficiently. As a result, new entrants can’t become node operators. Blockchain developers are now introducing solutions that can solve the scalability issue.

What is Mina (MINA)?


Mina is the lightest blockchain network introduced so far. No matter how many transactions are processed on this network, it maintains a constant size with the help of an innovative technology called zk-SNARKs. So far, Mina has maintained a constant size of 22KB.

Thus, smartphone users can easily become node operators by installing the protocol on their smartphones. On the contrary, Bitcoin’s size has drastically increased over the years. Bitcoin’s overall size was around 1.96GB in 2012. But according to recent updates, Bitcoin had reached a size of 360 GB in 2021.

Similarly, Ethereum had an overall size of 5 GB in 2016 and it exceeded 220 GB in 2021. The size will continue growing as the network grows. It will ultimately create problems for node operators. That’s why Mina is designed to maintain a constant size so that it may continue running smoothly.

  • End-to-end Data Privacy – The users can anonymously share data on this blockchain network.
  • Permissionless Web Oracles – Mina network enables developers to collect data from multiple online sources without requiring any permission.
  • Managing Web Identifiers – Mina provides anonymous access to different online platforms. It means the users can access multiple internet services without having to share their personal data or create an account.

Mina Brief History

Mina protocol was launched by the O(1) Labs in March 2021. Evan Shapiro and Izaak Meckler are the founders of O(1) Labs who created this foundation with the goal of providing users with control over their digital assets with the help of cryptographic computing.

The team raised $18.75 million during an initial coin offering in April 2021. Mina Foundation was also created to smoothly run different options of Mina protocol.

How Does Mina Protocol Work?

cryptocurrency tech trends

Mina Protocol verifies transactions with verifiable cryptographic proof rather than verifying transactions with each block. Instead of the latest block, the verifiable proof represents the state of the whole chain. Thus, it’s much smaller in size as compared to other blockchain networks.

Mina requires a small number of resources to process and record transactions because it incorporates a proof-of-stake consensus mechanism along with zk-SNARKS. The participants need to become node operators if they’re willing to send and receive money through the Mina network.

Mina network consists of three participants that help with keeping the network secure.


The node operators can help in the verification process. It takes only a few seconds because cryptographic proofs weigh only a few hundred bytes.

Block Producers

Block producers help with creating new blocks within the network based on the transactions performed over time. A small amount of transaction fees is transferred to the block producers as a reward for their contribution. Block producers can choose the transactions according to their preferences.

Normally, they choose the transactions with higher transaction fees as it helps with earning more money. The block is added to the network if a maximum number of block producers are in its favor.


These node operators are the most important part of the network as they’re responsible for creating cryptographic proofs. These node operators can create multiple proofs for a transaction to compete with each other. The network starts a bidding process once the snarkers have submitted the proof.

The block producers need to win the bid by providing SNARK. Thus, both the participants can earn rewards for their participation.


zk-SNARK is the zero-knowledge proof technology that maintains anonymity within the Mina network. This tool verifies the authenticity of the operation without disclosing any information about the data it contains. This tool usually creates mathematical proof to complete the verification process.

Blockchain Verification

As it’s mentioned, the Mina network verifies transactions through cryptographic evidence instead of checking the history of the entire block. With this method, the size of the blockchain is kept constant. The network creates the proof for new transactions using the existing proof rather than creating a new proof for each transaction.

Mina Tokenomics

MINA is the native token of this blockchain network that is used for the transfer of value within the network. The users also pay MINA tokens as transaction fees when transferring money to each other. Block producers stake their MINA tokens to gain proof from snarkers. 

With a circulating supply of 665 million tokens, MINA has a market cap of $451.8 million. It ranks among the 100 best cryptocurrencies in terms of market cap.


Mina is the lightest blockchain network that uses zk-SNARKs and a Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism to complete the transactions. It’s primarily designed to fix the scalability issue of major blockchain networks and it also maintains a constant size with innovative technology.

Feel free to get in touch with us if you need more information about Mina network.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is Mina (MINA)?

    Mina is a cryptocurrency and blockchain platform that aims to provide a lightweight, decentralized, and scalable solution for the blockchain ecosystem. It utilizes zk-SNARKs, a form of zero-knowledge cryptography, to maintain a small and constant-sized blockchain, called the “Mina protocol.” MINA is the native cryptocurrency of the Mina network, used for governance, staking, and transaction fees. It aims to address the challenges of scalability, accessibility, and privacy in blockchain technology.

  2. How does Mina work?

    Mina employs a unique technology called recursive zk-SNARKs to achieve its lightweight and scalable blockchain. It allows participants in the network to validate and verify the blockchain’s entire history without needing to store the complete chain. By compressing the data into succinct proofs, Mina reduces the computational and storage requirements for network participants. This enables anyone to run a full node on low-resource devices like smartphones and ensures decentralization and accessibility throughout the network.

  3. What are the benefits of using Mina?

    Mina offers several benefits compared to traditional blockchains. Its lightweight design allows for faster sync times and reduces storage and bandwidth requirements, making it more accessible to a broader range of users. The use of zero-knowledge proofs ensures transaction privacy, as sensitive data remains confidential while still being verifiable. Mina’s scalability is achieved by maintaining a constant-sized blockchain, making it suitable for a wide range of applications that require fast and efficient transaction processing.

  4. How can I participate in the Mina network?

    There are multiple ways to participate in the Mina network. Users can become validators by staking their MINA tokens, which helps secure the network and participate in consensus. Validators earn rewards for their participation and contribute to the governance of the network. Users can also delegate their tokens to validators, allowing them to earn rewards without running a node. Additionally, developers can build decentralized applications (dApps) on top of the Mina protocol, leveraging its scalability and privacy features.

  5. Is Mina secure and reliable?

    Mina prioritizes security and reliability through the use of zero-knowledge proofs and a decentralized network. Zero-knowledge proofs ensure the privacy and integrity of transactions while maintaining the ability to validate and verify the blockchain’s history. The decentralized nature of the network, with multiple validators and participants, ensures the resilience and fault tolerance of the system. Ongoing research and audits contribute to the continuous improvement and enhancement of the protocol’s security measures.

  6. How can I obtain MINA tokens?

    MINA tokens can be obtained through various means. They can be purchased on cryptocurrency exchanges that support the token. Users can also participate in token sales or Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) conducted by the Mina project. Additionally, users can earn MINA tokens by staking their existing tokens and participating in the consensus mechanism of the network. It is important to research and follow the recommended guidelines when obtaining and managing MINA tokens to ensure security and compliance with regulations. 

Save Time, Money, & Resources

Categories: Cryptocurrency

Get Started

Ready for the ultimate credit card processing experience? Fill out this form!

Contact HMS

Ready for the ultimate credit card processing experience? Ask us your questions here.